The weather in Hong Kong can be described as a temperate climate typified by four distinct seasons:
• Spring (March-May) is warm and humid
• Summer (June-August) is hot and wet
• Autumn (September-November) is temperate and settled
• Winter (December-February) is cool and dry
Temperatures range from an average of 16 degrees centigrade in January climbing to 29 degrees in July. Generally speaking, temperatures in Hong Kong remain in the 20s for much of the year.
Average rainfall in Hong Kong is far less settled. As this is a monsoon climate, visitors from May-September should expect around a 50% chance of rain and occasional thunderstorms. From November-March there is a long period of settled weather with very little rain.
When is the Best Time to Visit Hong Kong?
Hong Kong can be considered a year-round destination. With a mild climate from the middle of September to the end of February, and warm and humid weather from May to mid-September, there really is no wrong time of year to visit. However, it is worth bearing in mind that 80% of Hong Kong's rain falls between May and September, (it usually rains the most in August).
Hong Kong has many festivals and events throughout the year that brings international visitors from around the world. Some of the most renowned include Chinese New Year (February), Hong Kong Rugby 7s (April) and the Dragon Boat Festival (June). Hotels are booked far in advance in anticipation of these festivals and events so you should plan accordingly if you want to visit during any of these times.
Hong Kong Geography
The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region – a territory belonging to the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) – consists of around 236 islands in the South China Sea, (of which Hong Kong Island is the most populated); Kowloon Peninsula; and the New Territories. Lantau is Hong Kong's largest island, while Hong Kong Island is the second largest. The Kowloon Peninsula and the New Territories are on the mainland side of Hong Kong, north of Hong Kong Island, across Victoria Harbour. The New Territories district is separated from mainland China by the Shenzhen River.
The name "Hong Kong", ("fragrant harbour"), historically comes from the Aberdeen vicinity on Hong Kong Island. Fragrant vegetation was once plentiful there, but it is, today, a well-developed residential and fishing area.
Remarkably, of the Hong Kong SAR's 1,102 square kilometres (425 square miles), less than 25% is developed. Much of the remaining land has been reserved as country parks. Hong Kong is quite hilly; the highest peak is Tai Mo Shan, reaching a height of 957 metres (3,142 ft), located within a country park.
Hong Kong is 60 kilometres (37 miles) east of Macau, a Chinese-Portuguese enclave famous for its colourful casinos and ostentatious hotels.
Across the northern border of Hong Kong's New Territories lies the city of Shenzhen in Guangdong Province.