Lying to the western side of the Pearl River Delta, Macau (also known as Macou) faces the South China Sea to the east and the south. A former Portuguese colony until 1999, Macau was the last European colony in China. The isthmus lies 60 kilometres southwest of Hong Kong and was originally an island but a sandbar developed over many years presently connects it to the mainland. It is generally flat and its highest point is only 170 metres in altitude. Getting around Macau has never been easier than with our map: find out where the vital places to visit are and avail yourself of the excellent public transport system.